1607-Founding of Jamestown and Charter of the Virginia (London) Company
1620-Plymouth Rock and the Mayflower Compact
1676-Bacon’s Rebellion; King Philip’s War; and Declaration of the People of Virginia and Bacon’s Manifesto
1765-Stamp Act Crisis; Stamp Act passed by Parliament; formation of Stamp Act Congress and Committees of Correspondence
1776-Declaration of Independence
1777-Articles of Confederation
1789-Bill of Rights
In the Beginning there was a boatful of people who were in search of a better way of life and a new way of government. Some were adventurers out to make money. Others were in search of freedom to practice their religion. In the year 1607 this boat full of people arrived at a place that they named Jamestown after their King. They ran into American Indians and learned things from them. Ships returned to England for provisions for the colony. The settlers and colonists attempted to coexist. This didn’t end up working. And then the colonists killed them.
Thirteen years later in a new location up north another boat full of people came over. They landed at the wrong place; they went off course and did not reach Virginia. Instead they landed at Cape Cod. The settlers had to make rules to govern themselves so there wasn’t craziness. The settlers devised the Mayflower Compact to keep order in the colony. The Separatists were trying to run the colony under very strict religious rules. Adventurers did not care about religion. Many settlers didn’t survive the first winter. The Indians in the area helped them plant food so that they could survive the next winter. In November a feast was had by all. Part of the settlers were Separatists (Puritans) and part of them were adventurers.
Colonies started up in Connecticut, New York, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, East and West Jersey, Maryland, Delaware, etc.
Governor Andros was sent to rule over the Dominion of New England, which did away with charters in New England. There was a Glorious Revolution in England in 1688. Connecticut refused to hand over its charter and hid it in an oak tree. Some witches in Massachusetts were killed.
George I became King of England. He was a German dude, and he became king because he was related to the Stuart royal family.
Colonists influence by the Enlightenment felt they were not truly free under the British government. Little by little England started to intervene and the settlers started to feel constricted.
Expansion from the British and the French brought conflict which involved local Indian tribes. Some Indians fought with the British, some with the French, so it was called the French and Indian War. Colonists fought on the side of the British and helped the British defeat the French with militias. Britain obtained a large debt as a result of the war and passed the cost along to the colonists in the form of the Stamp Act.
There was a massacre of Bostonians. Five people were killed by British soldiers. Some British soldiers got black eyes. The Bostonians had a Tea Party after the Massacre. The British were upset they were not invited. More taxation was placed on the colonists without representation in Parliament!
A few good men got together in Philadephia and signed a piece of paper. This piece of paper declared independence from Britain. As a result, British troops arrived in the colonies. Eventually they sent the idiot, General Burgoyne, who completely failed his mission. It allowed the Continental Army to regroup, which changed the tide of war and led to Victory in Yorktown, Virginia!
And everyone was free and equal except blacks, minorities and women.
And they lived happily ever after.